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What is Break Bone Fever And How to Treat it?

What is a Break bone fever?

Break bone fever is basically Dengue fever. It is a mosquito-borne infection that leads to the severe flu-like illness. There are four different types of viruses reported for causing the dengue fever and are transmitted by mosquitoes.

Currently, there are no vaccines for dengue fever. The best approach to stop the infection is to avoid being bitten by mosquitoes altogether. Although there’s not any precise remedy for dengue, it’s treatable if caught before developing to dengue shock syndrome or dengue hemorrhagic fever.

Break Bone

Why is Dengue fever called Break Bone fever?

The name “break bone” is given to dengue fever since the sufferers of fever have contortions due to the intense joint and muscle pains. It is also known as by many other names as well, like – Dandy fever, etc.

The symptoms of Break Bone or Dengue Fever;

The symptoms of Dengue fever are categorized into following three phases:

Febrile phase

  • Sudden onset fever

  • Mouth and nose bleeding

  • Headache

  • Vomiting

  • Muscle and Joint pain

  • Rash

Critical Phase

  • Ascites

  • Hypotension

  • Gastrointestinal bleeding

  • Pleural effusion

Recovery Phase
  • Altered level of consciousness

  • Seizures

  • Itching

  • Slow heart rate

What are the causes of Break bone fever?

As mentioned earlier, there are four DENV or Dengue viruses, which are spread by one mosquito special called Aedesaegypti mosquito.

Earlier Aedesaegypti mosquito was originated in Africa but now it thrives in every tropical area throughout the globe. Typically, it prospers in and close to human population.

A mosquito bites a dengue-infected person and passes on the virus when the same mosquito bites another person. Also, if a person once already had a dengue fever chances are he or she may be contracted it again. In some cases, it can cause a harsh form of the disease.

Types of Break bone fever

Dengue types typically differ on the severity of the fever. Currently, it is been classified as mild dengue fever and DHF or Dengue hemorrhagic fever.

Mild Dengue Feve

This type of fever symptoms lasts up to 7 days after the dengue virus-carrying mosquito bites. Mild fever hardly results in any form of the severe disease.

It showcases following symptoms:

  • Feeling nauseating and vomiting

  • Pain behind the eyes

  • High fever

  • Aching joints and muscles

  • Appearance of body rashes

  1. DHF or Dengue hemorrhagic fever

After the dengue virus-carrying mosquito bite, mild symptoms might onset but after few days condition become severe. If DHF is not treated in time then it may also result in death.

It showcases following symptoms:

  • Weak pulse

  • Nosebleeds

  • Sensitive stomach

  • Lower counts of blood platelets

  • Clammy skin

  • Bleeding mouth or gums

  • Small blood spots under skin

  • Considerably damaged blood vessels and lymph

  • Internal bleeding, which can result in blood in stool and black vomit

Diagnosis of Dengue Fever

  • Check medical history – the physician will have to learn more about the patient’s travel history and medical history, particularly if it entails mosquito exposure.

  • Check the symptoms – the physician will take into consideration each symptom the infected person is experiencing. Some tests might be arranged to confirm whether it’s a dengue infection.

  • Blood sample – the blood sample could be examined in a lab to discover indications of the dengue virus. In case the dengue virus is detected, diagnosis is simple, if this fails, then there are additional blood tests.

Treatment of Break bone fever

  1. Painkillers – This can help easily to ease the pain and lower the fever. However, certain non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs like Ibuprofen can increase the risk of internal bleeding. Patients are advised to take paracetamol instead.

  2. Avoid Dehydration –High fever can dehydrate the body. Be sure to drink clean water instead of tap water. Rehydration salts may also help restore the reduced fluids and vitamins.

In particular cases of dengue, the individual is not able to take fluids orally and also will have to get an IV drip. It’s essential to be handled by physicians, this way the person can be accurately tracked if symptoms worsen. Also, a blood transfusion could be recommended for patients who have acute dehydration.

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